Different Types of Juicers
Centrifugal juicers are the most popular juicers available. They work by chopping up the produce and then spinning at a high speed, straining the juice through the strainer basket. Centrifugal juicers are very fast and easy to use, but they do produce more waste and often make warm, foamy juice.
Masticating juicers, also known as slow juicers, smash the fruit/veggies. The juice then seeps through the filter into your container. Masticating juicers, because of their low speed and the fact the juice doesn’t get exposed to oxygen, makes juice pretty much free of foam. This kind of juicer also gets more juice out of your fruits and veggies. One downside is that masticating juicers can be very expensive.
Hydraulic press juicers
Hydraulic press juicers work using a two-step process: first, the blades chop everything up, and then the pulp gets squeezed very hard so every last drop of juice comes out. Hydraulic press juicers are probably the best juicer in terms of how much juice you can get out of your produce. You can also use a hydraulic press juicer for making nut butters. These juicers are very expensive and they take up a lot of space, so they’re really for serious juicers.
Twin gear juicers
Twin gear juicers, like masticating juicers, work at a slow speed. They make juice using two gears that crush produce into a very dry pulp. Twin-gear juicers are also extremely pricey, but like the hydraulic press, they make extremely high-quality juice. If you’re a health nut and willing to shell out more cash, a twin-gear is a good option.
Manual juicer, which you operate by hand, are the most affordable juicer. However, they’re harder to use and do not work with fruit or vegetable peels. They’re a good juicer if you’ve never juiced before and don’t know how often you’ll use a juicer.
Juicer Features To Look For
When considering the power of a juicer, think about what you want to juice. For fruit like oranges, sliced apples, and leafy greens, you don’t need a huge amount of power. However, if you want to juice root vegetables like carrots and whole pieces of fruit, you’ll need a juicer that can cut through stems, cores, and peels. Citrus juicers, which are intended for fruit like oranges, can have as few as 50 watts. As you go up in power (and price), you’ll find juicers with 400, 700, and even 1000 watts. Some juicers are even able to measure their power in horsepower. These high-watt juicers are ideal if you want to juice tough fruits and vegetables without cutting them up or taking off their stems.
In general, all juicers work pretty quickly, so the speed is less about how long you wait to get your juice, and more about how the juicer handles the produce. Speed is measured in RPMs, with masticating juicers (slow juicers) running at around 80 RPMs. Centrifugal juicers, which use high, spinning speeds to produce juice, can run from 6,500-14,000 RPMs. The really fast juicers typically have speed control, so you can choose from 2-5 speeds depending on the produce you’re using. Harder fruits and vegetables require higher speeds, while leafy greens and soft fruits are okay with lower RPMs.
Blades are important for juicers that chop up the fruits and veggies before spinning or crushing them. Stainless steel is a popular material, because it’s durable and easy to clean. Extra features like titanium reinforcement help keep the blades sharper for longer, while centered blades keep the produce in a prime position for chopping.
All juicers produce pulp, and that pulp needs to go somewhere. The most common design for pulp management is a mesh filter basket. During spinning, the pulp and juice are separated. With masticating and hydraulic press juicers, the pulp gets squeezed, so every last drop of juice gets out. The pulp stays inside a pulp collector where it can be disposed of later. Some juicers even have a pulp-ejection, so you can keep juicing without worrying about building up too much pulp. Large pulp collectors (or bins) also allow for longer juicing.
Most juicers have pretty basic settings. An on/off switch is standard, but some juicers have more settings, like a reverse option, which is useful when you need to deal with a clog. Other juicers have settings for specific kinds of fruits and veggies, like a “Pineapple,” “Citrus,” and “Soft Food” setting. This ensures that you get the most juice possible out of each type of produce without having to figure out what speed setting to choose.
With all juicers, you can pretty much juice all day if you want. You just have to be look at the pulp collection and watch out for overheating the machine. Many juicers provide containers for the juice, so you can use a 64-ounce pitcher, a 1-liter pitcher, or 300-ml pitcher to store your juice in. In terms of what size produce you can fit into the juicer, extra-large feed tubes are crucial if you don’t want to chop up everything into small bits. 3-inch feed tubes are a good size for whole fruits and veggies.
Stainless steel is the most common material for juicers. It is durable, modern, and easy to wipe clean. Heavy-grade polymer is also popular, and is usually used for the body of a juicer. Other durable materials include die-cast alloy, die-cast steel, and titanium plates on juicer parts, like the cutting disk. For filters, micromesh is the standard.
Juicers can weigh as little as 5 pounds or as much as 10. The more compact juicers are ideal if you don’t have a lot of counter or storage space, though a disadvantage of these smaller juicers is that they are usually not as powerful as the more heavy-duty juicers.
Though famous for their sandwich toaster, which they invented in the early 1980’s, Breville has seen a new era with its juicers. Observing a shift towards health food and healthy living, Breville began producing food preparation tools like blenders, yoghurt makers, and juicers. When they partnered with the documentary Fat, Sick, and Nearly Dead in 2011, their juicer sales doubled. In addition to sandwich makers and juicers, they make kettles, toasters, coffee makers, pressure cookers, and more.
Since 1971, when the founder of Cuisinart witnessed a food preparation machine in France, Cuisinart has been one of the most popular kitchen-tool brands in America. After creating their own food processor in 1972, Cuisinart became popular with celebrity chefs like Julia Child and James Beard. The company’s first citrus juicer was released in 2003, and embodies Cuisinart’s high standards. As a luxury brand, Cuisinart juicers can be pretty expensive.
Hamilton Beach’s roots go back to 1904, when two engineers began creating electric motors for home appliances. One half of the company, Chester Beach, was responsible for manufacturing the lightweight motor. In 1910, he and his partner L.H. Hamilton started the Hamilton Beach company and began producing home appliances with this motor. Their creations included juicers, floor polishers, meat grinders, and food mixers. In 1995, Hamilton Beach took their products to South America and Asia. They continue to grow and make affordable, effective home appliance like coffee makers and juicers.
Omega was founded by Robert Leo in 1985. The company developed centrifuge, masticating, and pulp-ejection juicers, which they still sell today. In 2009, Legacy Companies bought Omega and continued to offer what the original company manufactured. Omega’s most famous product is the Centrifuge juicer, which produces 20-30% more juice than other juicer styles.
Features of Professional & Commercial Juicers
Low noise level
Juicers can be loud, especially when they’re working on hard fruit and root vegetables. Juicers with certain feed systems, like a direct central feed system, which reduces vibration and the resulting noise.
Cleaning a juicer can be the hardest part of the process, since you have to deal with pulp. Juicers that have all dishwasher-safe parts are very convenient, and saves you a lot of time soaking and scraping. Stainless steel is also a good feature when it comes to cleaning, because it easily wipes clean.
More efficient juicing
Juicers with certain design details are extremely efficient at getting every drop of juice from a piece of fruit or vegetable. A wide feed chute (where you stick the produce in) that is centered over the shredding disc results in faster, more effective juicing because the fruit/veggie goes directly down unto the disc, and not on the side. Speaking of shredding discs (also called a cutting disc), it is important to look for juicers that have very durable and powerful discs. Some are powerful enough to juice pineapple pieces that still have the rind on.
Foamy juice is a problem with many juicers, especially centrifugal ones that spin quickly and expose the juice to oxygen. Certain filter baskets are designed to reduce the foam level, and many juicers even has a froth separator. To get the least froth possible, you should go with a masticating juicer or one with a very low-speed option. The slow juicing process doesn’t generate so much oxygen, which causes froth.
Hydraulic press juicers are expensive, but in addition to high-quality juice, they can make nut butters, baby food, soy milk, and even pasta. These juicers are multipurpose, so while you pay more, you also have a lot more options about making your own food. If you consider yourself a health nut, or want to start living that lifestyle, a hydraulic press juicer would be a great choice.